Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disease of the brain and the spinal cord, where the body attacks the myelin, the insulating sheath covering the nerves, causing inflammation. The myelin sheath is necessary for the nerve impulses to be transmitted through nerves.
Slight damage to the nerves causes minor interruptions in the nerve impulses but if the damage to the nerve tissue is significant, scar tissue begins to form in the damaged areas causing the impulses to be interrupted.
The signs and symptoms of MS can vary depending on the amount of damage to the myelin sheath. Symptoms of MS include fatigue, lack of muscle coordination, tingling in the body, impaired vision, and mood swings.
Currently, there is no cure for multiple sclerosis. However, medical treatments can help speed up recovery from attacks, and help manage symptoms.